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Benefits of using 3D

The three main benefits of using 3D maps are:

  1. 3D allows the viewer to immediately orientate themselves as to where they are in relation to the map.

  2. The brain does not have to think so much producing a more rapid interpretation, allowing for a quicker response to a crisis at hand.

  3. Having orientated yourself once, it is easy to recall later. 

     

The Visual Differences Between A Standard Grid Floor Plan And The Safexit Floor Plan

By Barry J. Bradley, Ph.D. 

When you quickly glance at the two floor plans it is immediately apparent that the Safexit floor plan is much more easily understood than the standard grid floor plan. Why?

The answer is that the enhanced, dynamic, retinal images interpreted by our brain interprets the Safexit floor plan as three dimensional or “3D”, which provides more data for interpretation that leads to a more accurate response during a crisis.

It has to do with how our eyes and brain work to interpolate information.

Our eyes only have two-dimensional retinal images and no special third component for depth perception. This requires an interpretation of our physiological information that leads to useful "perception" by the visual cortex of the brain.

The word Stereopsis refers to our ability to appreciate depth, that is the ability to distinguish the relative distance of objects with an apparent physical displacement between the objects.

Adding perceived depth to an evacuation plan provides a clearer understanding of the object. The nearly 2-inch (6 cm) distance between the two pupils causes us to see two slightly different images of the world. This displacement between the horizontal positions of corresponding images is called binocular disparity. It is probably the most important cause for depth perception.

The amount of the displacement or disparity depends on the relative distance of the objects from the eye. For example, when we are directly looking at the standard floor plan, our eyes project their image onto the two foveae (focus centers) of the retina.

Since the standard 2D floor plan is the same distance to both of our eyes, the flat images have corresponding places on the retinas of the two eyes. This results in our eyes sending the image to the visual cortex of the brain that is then interpreted as a grid of lines and words, but is difficult to understand.

But objects with different distances, such as the Safexit floor plan, are projected onto different parts of the retinas. The reason is the disparity. If disparity of corresponding images on the two retinas is small enough, creating convergence, the visual system can "melt" them to the perception of a three dimensional (3D) object.

So, even though the Safexit floor plan is not 3D, the perception is that of a 3D image, because the images are projected at different locations on the retina. This image is then sent via the optic nerve to the visual cortex of the brain and is then sent to the higher centers of the brain. The information results in integrating our vestibular (or balance center), helping us to become better oriented as to time and place. This is known as spatial awareness and all of this happens within milliseconds.

The dynamic information derived from looking at the Safexit floor plan allows us to become oriented (spatially aware) to where we are in relation to the map on the floor plan much faster. Once we are oriented to where we are within our surroundings, we can more easily locate direction, or location of other important landmarks such as exits.

Color, contrast, shape, and texture are also factors that facilitate visual awareness and ease of recognition. These four factors are used by artists to enhance the image that they wish to portray. It is also these four factors that contribute to giving a picture depth so that it has a 3D-effect.

The Safexit plan utilizes all four factors to enhance the floor plan, making it much more visually enhance than just a white chart with black lines. When viewing colored images, the greater the saturation or brightness of the color relative to its background (contrast), the easier it is to see.

Color also has an effect on visual acuity, because the eyes respond differently to light of different colors both in focusing and on the image striking the retina.

Shape and texture also enhance the depth of the image by bringing more relief to the image. An example of this is seen in the apparent elevation of walls in the Safexit floor plan.

The addition of color, contrast, shape and texture all enhance the Safexit floor plan to create a more dynamic aspect. This further enhances the ability of the eye and brain in more immediately perceiving the information derived from viewing the floor plan.

Contrasting colors are also utilized to delineate various landmarks such as exits, fire extinguishers or other information needed in times of crisis, making them more quickly and easily recognizable.

Summary: How does the Safexit plan improve our response in a crisis?

The information sent to the brain from the eyes when viewing the Safexit floor plan provides a more dynamic image that facilitates faster, easier to recognize and more intelligibly perceptible and useful information than the standard “flat” two dimensional floor plan.

In times of emergency, the Safexit floor plan produces a more rapid interpretation and quicker response to a crisis at hand. Being easier and quicker to understand it lessens the response time for a person to orient themselves as to their location within the facility, the nearest exit, fire extinguisher, defibrillator, fire hose, or other pertinent information they might need.

The well-marked, dynamic, simple-to-visualize, directions would facilitate a faster interpretation of critical information and significantly enhance the response actions in an occasion where time is of the essence.

The bottom line is this: The Safexit plan is a 21st century improvement for evacuations that will significantly help to mitigate the risk of loss.

 

 

References. Fricke TR and Siderov J (1997) Stereopsis, stereotest and their relation to vision screening and clinical practice. Clin Exp Optom. 80: 165-172. Moses RA and Hart WM (1987) Adlerís Physiology of the eye, Clinical Application, 8th ed. St. Louis: The C. V. Mosby Company. Ogle KN (1950) Researches in Binocular Vision. London: Saunders. Schwartz SH (1999)Visual Perception, 2nd ed. Connecticut: Appleton and Lange. WILSON, P. N., FOREMAN, N., and TLAUKA, M.: 'Transfer of spatial information from a virtual to a real environment', Human Factors, 1997, 39, (4), pp.526–531 Campbell, F. W. and Robson, J. G. (1968) ‘Application of Fourier analysis to the visibility of gratings’. Journal of Physiology (London) 4

 

 

 

Fire Protection Plans

There are many different types of fire protection plans depending on the type of establishment and purpose of the plan. These plans help to alleviate fire rescue operations and also provide complete overviews to easier facilitate regular testing, service and maintenance of all fire protection equipment.

We have worked with the following plans:

  • Emergency Evacuation and Warning Systems
  • Fire Alarm and Smoke Alarm Systems
  • Fire Equipment such as fire extinguishers, hoses and blankets
  • Fire Action Plans and Site Orientation Plans

Contact us for more information on how we can help your company draw plans in order to comply with local standards and requirements concerning Fire Safety Protection. 

 

External Sitemaps

Do your guests know where to meet in the case of an emergency evacuation?

Site maps display the surrounding areas of a given building and, depending on the purpose of the map, indicate where the building is located in reference to other landmarks. 

Designated meeting points, parking areas for cars or bicycles and other relevant information are highlighted by small pictures or symbols for easy identification. 

A sitemap can cover a large area or just the immediate surroundings – the alternatives are endless and therefore it is a good idea to define what the purpose of the map is in order to determine how big the area should be. 

These maps can stand alone to show both employees and guests the various walking and bicycle routes. They can also be inserted onto the evacuation maps in each room to show where the designated meeting point is, or where the hotel is located in relation to other landmarks. 

We produce both 3D and 2D site maps and can help you to define the area and which type of map is best suited for the purpose.  

2D Evacuation Plans

Even our 2D maps are in a class by themselves. 

Although we are strong advocates of using 3D evacuation plans, simply because they are better and in compliance with future trends, we are also happy to provide 2D maps for any site or property, which are of the highest standard in the industry. 

We use the latest technology to produce our maps and are constantly working alongside institutions to ensure that our systems are up to date, and that our processes are streamlined for enhanced productivity.

Our 2D maps clearly indicate all available evacuation routes and exit signs. The maps also highlight all locations of life-saving firefighting equipment, such as fire extinguishers, fire hoses and fire alarms making it easy for anyone to orientate themselves and respond quickly.

Under duress, unnecessary details only add to the confusion of the moment, which is why simplicity is a consistent trait on all of Safexit floor plans. All of our maps include only the most pertinent and vital information, excluding details such as bathroom fixtures and furniture.

This simplicity speeds up the orientation process and response time, mitigating loss and saving both lives and property. 

Please do not hesitate to contact us you if you need more information or assistance.

 

3D Evacuation Plans

Your hotel is alive with colors, shapes, textures and contrasts - our 3D evacuation plans are a reflection of that. 

3D is everywhere today - in video games, packaging, movies and it is rapidly becoming a standard feature in all new televisions. If you think about it, is also hard to find a GPS navigation system today that isn't three dimensional - just look at the map in your phone. 

It's time for an upgrade from 2D to 3D! The natural progression from 2D to 3D evacuation maps is already underway and we would like to invite you to consider introducing the 3D evacuation plan into your hotels and new developments. 3D maps are not only more informative and elicit a faster response time, but they also convey to the viewer an attention to detail and that great care has been placed on ensuring the guests' safety.

What is the difference between a 2D and a 3D evacuation plan?

The illusion of the 3D image allows the brain’s visual cortex to interpret the information quicker, resulting in both a faster orientation and more accurate response during a crisis than the standard “flat” two dimensional floor plan.

A 3D map makes it much easier for the viewer to orientate themselves and understand where they are physically in relation the nearest exit, fire extinguisher, defibrillator, fire hose or other pertinent information they might need where a quick response time is of the essence.

The perceived depth of the map is achieved by adding color, contrast, shape and texture and, just like having been in a real room, having once looked at the map it is also easier to recall later. Under duress, unnecessary details only add to the confusion of the moment, which is why simplicity is a consistent trait on all of Safexit floor plans. All of our maps include only the most pertinent and vital information, excluding details such as bathroom fixtures and furniture.

These informative and reader-friendly maps also help to facilitate fire rescue team efforts, as they provide clearer data for a faster interpretation of critical information, which enhances the response actions where time is of the essence.

In a time where personal safety and security often is a high priority consideration for the frequent traveler, map consistency could generate recognition and be a contributing factor to driving guest demand and winning guest loyalty. 

The design and layout of the plan signals that the same attention you have placed on the interior of the room extends even to your concern for the safety of both the guest and employees.

The guest who checks in late at night after a long flight goes directly to the room. Should the fire alarm go off in the middle of the night, that guest must rely on the accuracy of the evacuation plan in the room to quickly orientate themselves. If your family was faced with that situation, which type of plan would you rather be looking at?

The three main benefits of 3D maps are:

  • 3D allows the viewer to immediately orientate themselves as to where they are in relation to the map.

  • The brain does not have to think so much producing a more rapid interpretation, allowing for a quicker response to a crisis at hand.

  • Having orientated yourself once, it is easy to recall later.

     

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